Journalists and journalism jobs (like columnists and reporters) gather information and present it in a publication which can be physical or digital, broadcasted over tv or radio networks. The industry has changed dramatically over the last decade thanks to the rise of accessible and high speed internet, as well as social media channels, especially Facebook and Twitter.
A journalist’s job is to try and sort fact from fiction, investigate the validity of claims and statements, as well as try their best to present news in an objective fashion.
Technically, journalists don’t need a formal education in journalism. As long as they show a proficiency in the English language and the ability to write in a journalistic style, then they are no less able to work as a journalist as someone with a degree. There are several benefits to getting a university education in the subject, however, as it exposes would-be reporters to the laws involved, gives instruction and guidance on how to write and approach subjects, as well as interview techniques and other useful information to take on board before diving into the career.